Psoriasis: causes, diagnosis and treatment

It is estimated that 130 million people in the world (approximately 2.3% of the population) suffer from psoriasis; it is the most frequent autoimmune disease in humans. Let’s see what there is to know about it.

I used hemp oil for my psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease that produces red patches and scaly lesions on the skin. These scales (dead skin cells) are usually white. I used hemp oil for my psoriasis! This disease is not contagious and affects men and women equally. Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease, that is, it is the body’s own defence system that attacks healthy cells. This leads to skin cells maturing and dying in less than a week, which is extremely fast since this cellular process would normally take about a month. The accumulation of dead cells on the surface of the skin is called plaque. While these plaques can appear anywhere on the body, it is most common in the following areas:

  • Hands
  • Elbows
  • Legs
  • Back
  • Chest
  • Nails (hands and feet)
  • Scalp
  • Buttock
  • Groin

Causes

Research has not yet been able to identify a particular cause, but studies claim that psoriasis is an autoimmune disease and that there is a genetic component, that is, that it is hereditary. In a properly functioning immune system, T cells (a type of white blood cell) protect the body against infection and disease by identifying and destroying foreign material. In psoriasis, the T cells react in an exaggerated way, confusing the healthy cells of the skin with diseased cells; this unleashes a chain of responses in the immune system. There are certain factors that can trigger psoriasis in a person who has never had symptoms before. And for those who already have psoriasis, these same factors can trigger the aggravation of the disease.

These triggers are:

  • Diseases that weaken the immune system, such as being AIDS, cancer or chronic stress
  • Bacterial or viral infections, such as pharyngitis or a common cold
  • Dry skin or dry air (for example, from changes in weather)
  • Some medications such as beta blockers or anti-malarial drugs
  • Cuts, bites or skin burns
  • Too little or too much sunlight
  • Alcohol intake
  • Smoke

Types of psoriasis

There are several different types of psoriasis, which are distinguished by the affected body area and the type of plaque. Psoriasis of the scalp: It consists of plaques on the scalp that can usually be confused with dandruff. Approximately half of all people with any type of psoriasis also have psoriasis of the scalp. Plaque psoriasis: It can appear anywhere in the body, it is the most common form of psoriasis. Small red bumps extend and dead skin cells appear in the form of scales in those areas. Reverse psoriasis: Involves injuries in areas where the skin folds or flexes, such as the armpits, groin or under the chest.

Erythrodermic psoriasis: This type generates serious disorders for the chemical balance of the body, affecting most of it and causing symptoms such as pain and itching to the point where the skin looks as if it has been burned.

Pustular psoriasis: Characterized by lesions similar to pus blisters, this type may be located in a small or generalized area

Palmo-plantar psoriasis: A type of pustular psoriasis, which causes plaques on the palms of the feet, preferably on the sides of the heel or base of the thumb or on the palm of the hands.

Psoriasis guttata: Involves small red dots, which enlarge quickly and are often covered with scales on the scalp, arms, legs and torso. It can remit without any treatment, but it can also come back suddenly.

Nail psoriasis: This form of psoriasis affects the nails of the hands and feet. It generates stings, discolouration.

Diagnosis

Sometimes, psoriasis can be difficult to diagnose since the symptoms are sometimes assimilated to other skin diseases. A skin biopsy can be used, although it is not necessary in all cases.

Treatment

Its treatment usually requires several different approaches, which may include changes in lifestyle, nutrition and medication. Such treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms, the type of psoriasis, the age and the general health of the person, as more important factors. In the absence of a cure, doctors and dermatologists often try several methods before finding the most appropriate for each case. Many of the treatments are intended to treat the symptoms of psoriasis, including itching and peeling skin. Regular use of moisturizers after showering can help keep moisture in the skin to prevent peeling, but will not control the underlying inflammation.

Generally, doctors prefer to use the lowest level of treatment necessary to stop the symptoms, we are talking about topical treatments. Because if the skin becomes more resistant and no longer responds to such treatment, a stronger one can be used!

Topical treatment

The treatments applied directly to the skin or topical (use of creams, ointments and lotions) are, in general, the first phase of treatment for most patients with mild or moderate psoriasis. In more complicated cases, they are used in combination with other types of treatments. I used hemp oil for my psoriasis!

“The treatment options available to patients are in the form of steroid creams, the side effects that are associated with these steroid creams are absolutely horrible.” Of course, medical hemp does not cause adverse side effects with its use. The cannabinoids of cannabis Sativa L. (hemp) are anti-inflammatory and have inhibitory effects on the proliferation of a number of tumorigenic cell lines, some of which are mediated through cannabinoid receptors. Cannabinoid receptors (CB) are present in human skin and anandamide, an endogenous CB receptor that inhibits the differentiation of keratinocytes at the epidermal level. Psoriasis is an inflammatory disease characterized in part also by epidermal hyperproliferation of keratinocytes.

Medical hemp is obtained from the cannabis plant and refers to its use for medicinal purposes. The historical literature supports the great benefits that can be served with hemp are abundant and with the support of medical research and current clinical studies benefits us, ancient cultures have documented these medicinal uses of medical hemp in recent years.